Fruit and Toads!

Stephen is currently at meetings in Jakarta so, as a fill in, please see the two pieces below, written for this blog by the Belantikan Conservation Programme (BCP) Team. The Orangutan Foundation believe that scientific research is a fundamental tool in ensuring the continued survival of the orangutan and the long-term protection of its habitat. Research reveals the interdependence of all forms of fauna and flora (including toads, fruit, orangutans and humans!) and provides us with the facts required to make informed decisions about how we manage an individual species or an ecosystem. - Iman Safari, Program Manager of BCP

‘I have worked with community in four villages at Belantikan Hulu, Kalimantan Tengah for two years. However I have never been there while the fruit season arrives. Finally, I got to taste several exotic fruits that I have often been told about by the Belantikan Village community.

Please you take a look at these exotic fruit’s pictures. Not everybody has an opportunity to see these exotic fruits such Mentawa (Artocarpus sp), Durian Pampaan (Durio kutejensis), Kusi (Durio dulcis), Lempahung (Baccaurea lanceolata) and Asam Mehawang (Manggifera foetida) since these fruits could be found only in Kalimantan’s countryside.


Mentawa (Artocarpus sp)


Durian Pampaan (Durio kutejensis)


Kusi (Durio dulcis)

Lempahung (Baccaurea lanceolata)

Lempahung (Baccaurea lanceolata)

Asam Mehawang (Manggifera foetida)

Asam Mehawang (Manggifera foetida)

In my own opinion, those fruits have extraordinary flavor. As a part of Indonesian plasma nutfah (germplasm), they should be grown properly in order to cultivate their superior variety. As matter of fact, those fruit will be extinct if there is not any pre-plan farming to be taken. The government should have started to develop an initiative to keep their exotic fruits existing.

At the present time, the forest in Belantikan Hulu has been changed to be wood repository area and iron mining area. If there is no pre-emptive scheme to grow those exotic fruit, surely they will be become extinct someday. The next generation, most probably, would never taste or witness them. I felt so fortunate about experiencing the natural-wealth of Belatikan Hulu forest.’

- Sasi Kirono, Resercher of BCP

‘The Belantikan region has very high ecological assets. The variety of ecosystems and the location altitude (76-1099 mdpl) might also be the factor of ecological wealth. This area was surveyed in 2005 and 32 amphibian species and 38 reptile species were found. The survey also found an endemic and very rare jungle toad, Barbourula kalimantanesis.Another rare amphibian species, Genus ichtyophis, was also discovered but this extremely rare species has not been classified, even though the image has been taken by camera.

Barbourula kalimantanensis

Barbourula kalimantanensis

In my most recent survey I discovered 38 amphibians and 18 reptilians. During engagement of the survey, we have a hard time to categorize discovered species due to limitation of herpetofauna identification.


Discovering Belantikan's treasures - BCP researcher

Herpetofauna are important as their presence is a bio-indicator for healthy environments. My simple research should have continuation. I wish there will be other researchers to have the same interest like me.’